Habit: It is a herbacious plant and its stems and leaves are covered in hair.
Root: Coat button has a tap root and is known to be a host to many pests.
Stem: It has a creping stem that produce roots at the nodes. This allows it to grow fast.
Leaves: Leaves grow all along the stem on opposite sides of it. They are toothed and arrow shaped.
Flower: The flowers have a yellow centre and either white or yellow petals. Four of the petals seem to be a composite of three, it looks like they are three toothed. The fifth looks two toothed.
Fruit: It has a small, dry one-seeded fruit that does not open to release the seed. They are dark brown to black in colour, oblong, and 0.08 inches (2 mm) long, each with a head of fine hair that vary from 0.12 – 0.24 inches (3-6 mm).
Seed: A plant can produce anything between 500 and 2500 seeds
Pollinators: It is visited by many insects, birds and animals. The insects and birds help with the pollination
Seed Dispersal: It disperses its seeds using passing animals and does so by air as well.
Where they grow: Coat button can grow in many conditions but it grows best in coarse soil in the tropical regions. From this we know that it requires good drainage. It is a weed that grows from sea level to 2000m. It can be seen growing on the side of roads, in waste or fallow land and between crops.
Medicinal: In India all parts of the plant are used in Ayurved. It is known as Bhringraj. Basically the plant is thought to have anti-microbial anti-septic and anti parasitic properties. In India it is used to enable wound healing. It is used as an insect repellant too. Because it is antiseptic and guards against parasites and microbes it is used for boils, blisters and cuts by local healers.